Children

1 - 200 of 689 results
Triple X syndrome
Disease | Updated on February 2, 2022
Females with this genetic disorder have three X chromosomes instead of two. Symptoms can be mild or include developmental delays and learning disabilities.
Hirschsprung's disease
Disease | Updated on August 21, 2021
This digestive disorder that's present at birth affects the nerves in the colon. It causes severe constipation but can be treated.
Uncircumcised penis: Is special care needed?
Answer | Updated on March 10, 2022
Know how to wash and care for your child's uncircumcised penis.
Vaccines: Keep your child's shots on track
Article | Updated on April 22, 2021
Vaccines protect children from serious and potentially fatal diseases. Know how to keep your child's vaccinations on track.
Pectus excavatum
Disease | Updated on March 31, 2022
Pectus excavatum causes the breastbone to sink into the chest. This can affect heart and lung function. Surgery helps correct the deformity.
Severe combined immunodeficiency
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A serious, inherited inability to fight even mild infections (bubble boy disease).
Progeria
Disease | Updated on February 1, 2018
Progeria is an extremely rare, progressive genetic disorder that causes children to age rapidly, beginning in their first two years of life.
Harlequin-type ichthyosis
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition in which a newborn has hard, thick skin in diamond patterns.
Stickler syndrome
Disease | Updated on May 20, 2021
This genetic disorder can cause serious vision, hearing and joint problems. Children may be born with a cleft palate and distinctive facial features.
Congenital heart defects in children
Disease | Updated on May 3, 2022
Learn about symptoms, tests and treatments for children born with a problem in the structure of the heart (congenital heart defect).
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
An inherited disorder of progressive muscular weakness, typically in boys.
Rheumatic fever
Disease | Updated on April 19, 2022
Learn about this serious complication of strep throat and scarlet fever and what you can do to prevent it.
Choroid plexus carcinoma
Disease | Updated on August 18, 2020
This rare type of cancerous brain tumor occurs mainly in children under 2. Treatment usually involves surgery and radiation therapy.
Iron deficiency in children: Prevention tips for parents
Article | Updated on February 25, 2022
Learn how much iron your child needs for healthy development, which kids have a greater risk of iron deficiency and how to spot a problem.
Purpuric fever
Topic | Updated on October 11, 2019
A life-threatening childhood infection caused by bacteria.
Spina bifida
Disease | Updated on January 8, 2022
Fetal surgery during pregnancy may improve outcomes for babies with myelomeningocele, a severe form of spina bifida. Learn the latest treatment options.
Exanthem
Topic | Updated on August 1, 2020
A widely spread out rash.
Screen time and children: How to guide your child
Article | Updated on February 10, 2022
Managing your child's screen time takes effort. Find out how to ensure quality screen time and set limits.
Type 1 diabetes in children
Disease | Updated on March 10, 2022
Know what symptoms to look for, as well as more about diagnosis, treatment and daily living with this lifelong insulin-dependent condition.
Reye's syndrome
Disease | Updated on August 15, 2020
Learn more about the causes and treatment of Reye's syndrome, a rare but serious condition causing swelling in the liver and brain.
Enterovirus D68: How can I protect my child?
Answer | Updated on October 22, 2020
Enterovirus D68 infections are on the rise, mostly among children. Know the symptoms and what you can do.
Headaches in children
Disease | Updated on August 6, 2021
Find out more about headaches in children, which may or may not be serious. They can often be managed with medications and healthy habits.
Medulloblastoma
Disease | Updated on January 22, 2021
Medulloblastoma is the most common cancerous brain tumor in children. Treatment usually includes a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
Genu varum
Topic | Updated on May 24, 2018
A condition in which the knees stay apart even when standing with feet and ankles together, also known as bowlegs.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Disease | Updated on January 10, 2018
Fetal alcohol syndrome results from alcohol exposure during the mother's pregnancy, causing irreversible brain damage and growth problems in the child.
COVID-19 in babies and children
Article | Updated on October 21, 2022
Know the symptoms of COVID-19 in children, what to do if your child appears sick and how to keep your family healthy.
Pediatric brain tumors
Disease | Updated on June 30, 2021
Pediatric brain tumors include medulloblastoma, glioma, embryonal tumor, germ cell brain tumor, spinal cord tumor, craniopharyngioma and pineoblastoma.
Childhood vaccines: Tough questions, straight answers
Article | Updated on April 22, 2021
When it comes to childhood vaccines, misinformation is common. Get the facts about vaccine safety from health experts.
Car sickness in children: Can I prevent it?
Answer | Updated on June 22, 2022
Carefully planned pre-trip meals, air ventilation and distractions might help prevent car sickness in children.
Pineoblastoma
Disease | Updated on August 20, 2022
Learn about this rare cancer that begins in the brain's pineal gland. Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Childhood asthma
Disease | Updated on March 13, 2021
The lungs and airways of children with asthma become inflamed, interfering with daily activities. Some children can have dangerous attacks.
Absence seizure
Disease | Updated on February 24, 2021
This type of seizure produces unexpected symptoms, such as a vacant stare, lip smacking and eyelid fluttering.
Rickets
Disease | Updated on February 25, 2021
Learn what can cause this bone-softening disease in children and how supplements may prevent or treat the condition.
Flu shots for kids: Does my child need a flu shot?
Answer | Updated on October 7, 2022
Know the latest recommendations for children's flu vaccines.
Selective mutism
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition in which a child who can speak doesn't speak in certain situations.
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) and COVID-19
Disease | Updated on November 12, 2021
Learn about the symptoms of MIS-C, a serious condition linked to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Get help fast if your child shows any signs.
Nutrition for kids: Guidelines for a healthy diet
Article | Updated on September 30, 2022
See the current children's nutrition recommendations for protein, carbohydrates, more.
Epidermolysis bullosa
Disease | Updated on August 20, 2022
Learn about a rare inherited disease that often shows up in infancy and causes fragile, blistering skin on the palms and feet. Severe disease may be fatal.
Hydrocele
Disease | Updated on December 5, 2020
Find out more about the symptoms, causes and possible treatments for this swelling in the scrotum.
Ichthyosis
Topic | Updated on July 31, 2020
A group of skin disorders characterized by dry, scaly, or thickened skin.
Inborn error of metabolism
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A group of conditions in which the body can't properly convert food into energy.
Maple syrup urine disease
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
Condition that makes it hard to break down certain parts of protein (amino acids).
Myopathy
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A disease of the muscles.
Cavernous malformations
Disease | Updated on May 6, 2022
Understand the signs and symptoms that may occur when blood vessels in the brain or spinal cord are tightly packed and contain slow-moving blood.
Horner syndrome
Disease | Updated on May 13, 2022
Find out about Horner syndrome, an interruption in nerve signals from the brain to the eye and face on one side of the body.
Hepatitis B
Disease | Updated on September 24, 2022
This highly contagious virus can cause long-lasting problems if it goes untreated. Learn about the symptoms, treatment and prevention of this serious liver infection.
Aortic valve disease
Disease | Updated on November 17, 2021
Learn more about diseases that affect the valve between the heart's main pumping chamber and the body's main artery (aorta).
Noonan syndrome
Disease | Updated on November 30, 2016
Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that may cause unusual facial features, short stature, heart defects, eye conditions and other health problems.
Turner syndrome
Disease | Updated on February 11, 2022
Turner syndrome affects only females as the result of a missing or partially missing X chromosome, causing a variety of medical and developmental problems.
Child abuse
Disease | Updated on May 19, 2022
Child abuse includes physical, sexual, emotional and medical abuse, as well as neglect. Learn about signs, risk factors, how to get help and prevention.
Auditory processing disorder
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A disorder affecting the ability to understand speech.
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A group of inherited disorders characterized by fragile bones that break easily.
Car seat safety: Avoid 9 common mistakes
Article | Updated on February 23, 2022
Consider common car seat mistakes and what you need to do to keep your kids safe on the road.
Hemangioma
Disease | Updated on March 23, 2021
Learn more about the causes and treatment of this red mark on the skin of babies that fades over time.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
Disease | Updated on March 23, 2022
Understand the symptoms and treatment of this common viral infection that can cause health problems for babies and people who have weakened immunity.
Epilepsy
Disease | Updated on October 7, 2021
Learn about epilepsy symptoms, possible causes of epilepsy and how epilepsy is treated, including surgical treatment options.
Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
Disease | Updated on April 30, 2022
In WPW syndrome, an extra pathway between the heart's upper and lower chambers causes a fast heartbeat. Rarely, it can cause sudden cardiac death.
Congenital mitral valve anomalies
Disease | Updated on August 7, 2021
Learn how these congenital heart defects can cause your mitral valve to leak or become narrowed.
Color blindness
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A reduced ability to distinguish between certain colors.
Trisomy
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A genetic disorder in which a person has 3 copies of a chromosome instead of 2.
Neuroblastoma
Disease | Updated on November 4, 2022
Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of neuroblastoma, one of the most common cancers of childhood.
Diabetes insipidus
Disease | Updated on April 10, 2021
Learn more about this unusual disorder that disrupts the body's fluid balance, causing excessive urination and possibly leading to dehydration.
Toxoplasmosis
Disease | Updated on November 3, 2022
Learn about symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of this parasitic infection that can cause severe disease.
Heat rash
Disease | Updated on May 6, 2022
Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of this heat-related problem of the skin that affects people of all ages.
Patent foramen ovale
Disease | Updated on October 25, 2022
Learn more about the causes and complications of this condition in which a hole in the heart doesn't close the way it should after birth.
Heart valve disease
Disease | Updated on September 29, 2021
Learn about this condition in which one or more of your heart valves doesn't work properly.
Niemann-Pick
Disease | Updated on January 25, 2018
Niemann-Pick — Learn more about this inherited disease that mainly affects children, causing malfunction of the nerves, brain and other organs.
Quinsy
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A complication of tonsillitis in which the infection spreads behind the tonsils.
Jaundice
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A yellow tint to the skin or eyes caused by an excess of bilirubin, a substance created when red blood cells break down.
Starvation
Topic | Updated on May 24, 2018
Long-term, severe deprivation of nutrition.
Deformity
Topic | Updated on May 26, 2018
Distortion or disfigurement of any part of the body.
Chiari malformation
Disease | Updated on September 24, 2021
Find out about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of this brain disorder in which brain tissue extends into the spinal canal.
Down syndrome
Disease | Updated on March 8, 2018
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21.
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR)
Disease | Updated on March 29, 2022
In this congenital heart defect, the lung's blood vessels attach to the wrong places in the heart. Know the symptoms and how it's diagnosed.
Farsightedness
Disease | Updated on June 16, 2020
Do you see distant objects clearly, but develop a blur as they come close? This vision problem, called farsightedness, is easily corrected with prescription lenses.
Ebstein anomaly
Disease | Updated on May 5, 2022
In this rare heart defect, the tricuspid heart valve didn't form properly. This can affect the heart's ability to pump blood. Know the risks and symptoms.
Coarctation of the aorta
Disease | Updated on June 25, 2022
Learn more about the causes and treatment of this usually congenital heart condition that is treatable but requires lifelong follow-up.
Atrial septal defect (ASD)
Disease | Updated on March 1, 2022
This opening between the heart's upper chambers is this common congenital heart defect, but can be treated.
Vaginal agenesis
Disease | Updated on February 15, 2022
In this rare condition that occurs before birth, the vagina doesn't develop and the uterus may only develop partially or not at all. Learn about treatment.
Transposition of the great arteries
Disease | Updated on January 19, 2022
This serious, rare heart problem present at birth requires surgery to correct. Learn about its symptoms and treatment.
Circumcision (male)
TestProcedure | Updated on March 22, 2022
Circumcision — the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis — can be a religious ritual, a family tradition or a matter of personal hygiene.
Mitochondrial disease
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A disorder that occurs when structures that produce energy for a cell malfunction.
Brachial plexus injury
Disease | Updated on June 3, 2022
Learn about these nerve injuries that usually result from auto or motorcycle accidents and which procedures can help restore arm function.
Meningitis
Disease | Updated on November 16, 2022
Spot the signs and understand the treatment options for meningitis, an infection that has several possible causes.
Truncus arteriosus
Disease | Updated on November 12, 2022
Learn more about this congenital heart defect that makes it difficult for the heart to pump the right amount of blood to the lungs and the body.
Vascular rings
Disease | Updated on December 30, 2020
Learn more about this condition in which malformations of the aortic arch encircle the windpipe and esophagus and can press against them.
Bronchiectasis
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition in which the lungs' airways become damaged, making it hard to clear mucus.
Yaws
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A chronic bacterial infection that affects the skin, bone, and cartilage.
Shivering
Topic | Updated on May 24, 2018
Involuntary trembling of the body caused by muscle contractions.
Hepatitis A
Disease | Updated on August 27, 2022
This contagious liver infection is caused by a virus. Learn more about its symptoms, treatment and prevention, including the hepatitis A vaccine.
Enlarged heart
Disease | Updated on May 4, 2022
Cardiomegaly is another word for this sign or symptom that may be caused by certain heart conditions or even pregnancy. Know how it's treated.
Diphtheria
Disease | Updated on February 5, 2022
This rare but serious bacterial infection can cause organ damage and breathing problems. This disease is often treatable but is also preventable with a vaccine.
Metachromatic leukodystrophy
Disease | Updated on March 6, 2020
This rare genetic disorder causes fatty substances (sulfatides) to build up in your brain and nervous system, causing progressive loss of nerve function.
Angelman syndrome
Disease | Updated on March 1, 2022
Learn about this genetic disorder that causes developmental delays, problems with speech and other symptoms.
Hemophilia
Disease | Updated on October 7, 2021
In this inherited disorder, the blood lacks one of several clot-forming proteins. The result is prolonged bleeding, which can be life-threatening.
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome
Disease | Updated on February 12, 2022
Main signs of this congenital disorder involve a red birthmark (port-wine stain), vein malformations, and overgrowth of tissues and bones.
Astigmatism
Disease | Updated on October 5, 2021
Imperfect curvature of your eye can cause blurred distance and near vision. Learn about this common and treatable eye condition.
Tetralogy of Fallot
Disease | Updated on August 17, 2021
Learn more about a rare condition caused by a combination of four heart defects that are present at birth (congenital).
48, XXXX syndrome
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
An extremely rare condition in which a female has two extra X chromosomes.
Cysticercosis
Topic | Updated on January 18, 2020
A tapeworm infection that affects the brain, muscle and other tissues.
Heterochromia iridum
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition in which the colored part of the eye (iris) is multicolored.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Disease | Updated on May 14, 2022
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of inherited genetic conditions that limits the adrenal glands' ability to make certain vital hormones.
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
Disease | Updated on November 2, 2022
In this congenital heart defect, some of the lung blood vessels connect to the wrong places in the heart. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatment.
Dwarfism
Disease | Updated on August 17, 2018
Very short stature of 4 feet 10 inches or less that results from a genetic or medical condition is considered dwarfism. Learn about causes and treatment.
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Disease | Updated on August 12, 2022
Learn more about this rare congenital heart condition that results in underdevelopment of the left side of the heart.
Conjoined twins
Disease | Updated on August 5, 2022
If an early embryo only partially separates and two babies develop, they remain physically connected — most often at the chest, abdomen or pelvis.
Cystic fibrosis
Disease | Updated on November 23, 2021
This inherited condition causes severe damage to the lungs, digestive system and other organs. Learn about improvements in screening and treatments.
Tay-Sachs disease
Disease | Updated on January 21, 2022
This rare, inherited disease causes a buildup of fatty acids that damages the brain and typically results in muscle control loss, blindness and paralysis.
Air travel with infant: Is it safe?
Answer | Updated on February 25, 2022
Planning for air travel with an infant? Know how air travel can affect a newborn's ears and breathing, and what you can do to keep your baby comfortable.
Arteriovenous malformation
Disease | Updated on January 1, 2021
An AVM is a tangle of blood vessels that affects the flow of blood and oxygen. Treatment can help.
Sickle cell anemia
Topic | Updated on January 30, 2020
A group of disorders that cause red blood cells to become misshapen and break down.
Treacher Collins syndrome
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
An inherited condition in which some bones and tissues in the face aren't developed.
Vaccination schedule: Why so many so fast?
Answer | Updated on October 11, 2022
A Mayo Clinic specialist explains why young children need to have many vaccines in a schedule.
Cleft lip and cleft palate
Disease | Updated on September 15, 2022
Surgery can fix openings or splits in the upper lip, or the roof of the mouth (palate), or both types of these birth defects.
Slide show: Breastfeeding positions
SlideShow | Updated on April 19, 2022
Breastfeeding can be awkward at first. Experiment with various positions until you feel comfortable.
Diaper rash
Disease | Updated on July 1, 2022
Learn more about the causes, prevention and home remedies for this common condition that irritates skin under diapers.
Color blindness
Disease | Updated on December 28, 2019
Is it red or is it green? Learn more about what causes color blindness and how to tell whether or not you can distinguish between certain shades of color.
Achondroplasia
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
The most common type of short-limbed dwarfism.
Developmental coordination disorder
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A childhood developmental disorder marked by clumsiness in otherwise healthy kids.
Fragile X syndrome
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A genetic condition causing intellectual disability.
Nutrition disorder
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
Any condition caused by poor diet or inability of the body to use certain nutrients.
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Disease | Updated on September 9, 2022
This genetic disease weakens the immune system — mainly in males — and leads to frequent infections.
Tricuspid valve regurgitation
Disease | Updated on April 6, 2022
A leaky tricuspid valve may make you feel tired and have difficulty exercising. Learn how this type of heart valve disease is diagnosed and treated.
Ventricular fibrillation
Disease | Updated on October 28, 2022
Without fast treatment, this heart rhythm problem can cause death within minutes. Learn the symptoms of VFib and what actions to take to save a life.
Heart murmurs
Disease | Updated on May 27, 2022
An irregular heart sound may be harmless or worrisome. Know the causes of heart murmurs and when treatment is needed.
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Disease | Updated on May 13, 2022
PKU is caused by a change in the gene that helps create an enzyme needed to break down phenylalanine. Treatment includes a special diet and medication.
Sickle cell trait
Topic | Updated on January 30, 2020
A condition in which a child inherits the sickle cell gene mutation from only one parent.
Vesicoureteral reflux
Disease | Updated on February 11, 2022
Learn about what happens if urine flows backward from the bladder. Usually found in children, this condition boosts the risk of urinary tract infections.
Infant reflux
Disease | Updated on December 17, 2020
This common and messy condition is usually harmless. Most babies outgrow it by age 18 months.
Infant formula: Is tap or bottled water better?
Answer | Updated on February 25, 2021
You can safely prepare infant formula with tap water or bottled water. Consider the pros and cons of each.
Helping baby sleep through the night
Article | Updated on February 25, 2022
Help your baby sleep through the night, starting now.
Infant formula: 7 steps to prepare it safely
Article | Updated on February 10, 2022
Properly preparing and storing infant formula is essential for your baby's nutrition.
Slide show: Common baby rashes
SlideShow | Updated on October 8, 2022
You might expect your baby's skin to be flawless, but baby rashes and other skin conditions are common. Find out when treatment is needed.
Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect
Disease | Updated on March 11, 2022
This congenital heart defect affects the valve between the heart and lungs and includes a hole in the heart. Learn more about the surgeries and procedures needed to treat it.
Tonsillitis
Disease | Updated on September 3, 2022
Learn about the causes and treatment of tonsillitis, a common cause of sore throat in children.
Pulmonary atresia
Disease | Updated on March 12, 2022
Learn more about this life-threatening congenital heart condition that changes the way blood travels from the heart to the rest of the body.
Crying baby? How to keep your cool
Article | Updated on April 21, 2021
Crying baby? Here's help coping when the tears won't stop.
Video: Baby's soft spots (fontanels)
Video | Updated on January 20, 2022
A baby's soft spots (fontanels) close when the skull bones fuse together. See how.
Hypospadias
Disease | Updated on March 29, 2018
Hypospadias is a birth defect in which the opening of the urethra is located on the underside of the penis instead of the tip. Learn about treatment.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Disease | Updated on October 16, 2019
Carbon monoxide is colorless, odorless, tasteless — and extremely dangerous. Don't count on detecting it. Instead, prevent it.
Hydronephrosis
Disease | Updated on February 15, 2022
Learn about this condition that occurs when urine doesn't drain properly from the upper urinary tract, leading to kidney swelling.
Mosquito bites
Disease | Updated on October 26, 2022
Learn about the many ways to prevent mosquito bites and how to ease the itch if you are bitten.
Cerebral palsy
Disease | Updated on September 1, 2021
Damage to the developing brain, usually before birth, causes this disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture.
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Disease | Updated on August 25, 2022
Learn about these complex genetic disorders that cause problems with connective tissue in the skin, joints and blood vessel walls.
Eisenmenger syndrome
Disease | Updated on August 4, 2022
This complication of an unrepaired congenital heart defect needs close monitoring. Learn how treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
Heart arrhythmia
Disease | Updated on April 30, 2022
Learn about common heart rhythm disorders that can cause your heart to beat too fast, too slow or irregularly.
Mitral valve disease
Disease | Updated on November 11, 2021
Learn more about diseases that affect the valve between the left heart chambers, including mitral valve regurgitation and mitral valve stenosis.
Klinefelter syndrome
Disease | Updated on September 21, 2019
This genetic disorder occurs when a male is born with an extra copy of the X chromosome and may result in low testosterone production and infertility.
Beta thalassemia
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A type of inherited blood disorder.
Patau syndrome
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition in which a person has an extra chromosome 13.
Polydactyly
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition of having more than 5 digits on a hand or 5 toes on a foot.
Convulsion
Topic | Updated on May 25, 2018
A loss of consciousness accompanied by violent muscle contractions.
Greenstick fractures
Disease | Updated on February 25, 2021
Greenstick fractures — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this childhood bone injury.
Microcephaly
Disease | Updated on May 26, 2022
Learn more about microcephaly, when an infant's head is smaller than expected. The condition affects child development.
Pacifiers: Are they good for your baby?
Article | Updated on October 6, 2022
Is it OK to offer your baby a pacifier? Know the pros and cons.
Craniosynostosis
Disease | Updated on September 15, 2022
This condition results in premature fusing of one or more of the joints between the bone plates of an infant's skull before the brain is fully formed.
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
Disease | Updated on May 4, 2022
Also called PA/IVS, this rare congenital heart defect is diagnosed at or shortly after birth. Learn how it may be treated with one or more procedures.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Disease | Updated on October 5, 2022
Learn about this type of arthritis that affects children and can cause growth problems, joint damage and eye inflammation.
Childhood obesity
Disease | Updated on November 16, 2022
Childhood obesity can lead to various conditions, including type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Learn how to protect your child's health.
Type 2 diabetes in children
Disease | Updated on March 31, 2022
More children are being diagnosed with this blood sugar condition. Learn how to help manage or prevent this chronic disease in your child.
Antidepressants for children and teens
Article | Updated on March 19, 2022
Antidepressants are often effective in treating depression and anxiety in children and teenagers, but there are some risks. Learn more.
Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM)
Disease | Updated on November 9, 2021
Know the possible symptoms of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), a rare but serious condition that affects young children.
Baby teeth: When do children start losing them?
Answer | Updated on November 23, 2021
Losing baby teeth is a major childhood milestone. Find out what to expect.
Language development: Speech milestones for babies
Article | Updated on February 23, 2022
Get the facts about baby speech and language development.
Bronchiolitis
Disease | Updated on January 15, 2020
Infection in the small airways (bronchioles) of the lungs is common in young kids and babies. Signs may include coughing, wheezing and labored breathing.
Colic
Disease | Updated on April 5, 2022
Consoling a baby who cries a lot for no apparent reason is a challenge. Learn strategies for caring for your infant and coping with the stress.
Bladder exstrophy
Disease | Updated on February 11, 2022
This rare birth defect occurs when the bladder develops outside the fetus during pregnancy. The condition can be repaired with surgery.
Ependymoma
Disease | Updated on November 19, 2021
Learn about this tumor that forms from ependymal cells in the brain and spinal cord. Treatments include surgery and radiation therapy.
Hip dysplasia
Disease | Updated on March 23, 2022
In infancy, this condition often can be corrected with a soft brace. Older children and young adults might require surgery to correct the misalignment.
Ureteral obstruction
Disease | Updated on January 21, 2022
Learn about what causes blockage of the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder, tests you might need and how the condition can be treated.
Albinism
Disease | Updated on April 7, 2018
In this group of inherited disorders, there is little or no production of melanin, a pigment that determines hair, skin and eye color and vision development.
Atrioventricular canal defect
Disease | Updated on September 13, 2022
This congenital heart defect involves a hole in the heart. It affects blood flow through the heart valves. Learn the symptoms and how it's treated.
Aneuploidy
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
One or more missing or extra chromosomes.
Otitis
Topic | Updated on December 31, 2019
An inflammation of the inner, middle or outer ear, often with infection.
Lead poisoning
Disease | Updated on January 21, 2022
Learn about lead poisoning symptoms and treatment of lead exposure in children and adults. Explore ways to keep your kids safe from lead exposure.
Thrombophilia
Topic | Updated on June 13, 2017
A condition that increases a person's risk of forming clumped masses of blood (clots).
Chills
Topic | Updated on May 25, 2018
The feeling of being cold, though not necessarily in a cold environment, often accompanied by shivering.
Child sleep: Put preschool bedtime problems to rest
Article | Updated on November 13, 2020
Child sleep problems? Be gentle but firm. Consistency is often the key to better sleep.
Undescended testicle
Disease | Updated on July 21, 2021
Learn about causes, complications and treatment of this condition in which one or both testicles aren't in their normal place within the scrotum.
Spitting up in babies: What's normal, what's not
Article | Updated on February 25, 2022
Spitting up in babies is common — and usually nothing to worry about.
Infant growth: What's normal?
Answer | Updated on August 5, 2020
Infant growth rates depend on various factors. Consider what's typical during baby's first year.
Breastfeeding and medications: What's safe?
Article | Updated on August 24, 2022
Understand which medications are safe to take while breastfeeding.
Scarlet fever
Disease | Updated on June 7, 2022
Learn more about the symptoms, causes, complications and treatment of this strep bacterial infection that causes a red rash, sore throat and high fever.
Ringworm (scalp)
Disease | Updated on January 22, 2022
Learn more on causes, symptoms, treatments of this easily spread, itchy fungal skin infection and how to prevent it.
Separation anxiety disorder
Disease | Updated on April 5, 2021
Intense or prolonged separation anxiety that interferes with school or other daily activities or includes panic attacks. Learn about treatment.
High cholesterol in children: How is it treated?
Answer | Updated on October 8, 2022
High cholesterol in children can lead to narrowed and hardened arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease later in life.
Mesenteric lymphadenitis
Disease | Updated on May 20, 2021
This painful condition, which involves inflamed lymph nodes in the membrane that connects your bowel to your abdominal wall, usually affects children and teens.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children
Disease | Updated on June 25, 2019
This condition affects children, and may continue into adulthood. It can include difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea
Disease | Updated on October 3, 2020
If your child's breathing becomes repeatedly blocked during sleep — either partially or completely — pediatric obstructive sleep apnea could be the cause.
Growing pains
Disease | Updated on September 25, 2021
Learn about this common condition involving leg pain in children, including growing pain symptoms and how to ease discomfort.
Osteochondritis dissecans
Disease | Updated on August 25, 2022
Osteochondritis dissecans most commonly affects children who are very active in sports. Learn about the symptoms and treatment of this joint condition.
Ear tubes
TestProcedure | Updated on June 22, 2021
Learn about the procedure for placing ear tubes used to treat middle ear problems.
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease
Disease | Updated on August 16, 2022
Learn about the symptoms and treatment of this contagious viral infection. It is marked by sores in the mouth and a rash on the hands and feet.
Pediatric cervical spine surgery
TestProcedure | Updated on January 20, 2022
This surgery can treat injuries or congenital abnormalities in the neck section of the spine.
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
Disease | Updated on January 25, 2018
ODD is a childhood mental health disorder that includes frequent and persistent anger, irritability, arguing, defiance or vindictiveness toward authority.
Mayo Clinic Minute: Restless legs syndrome in kids
Video | Updated on October 19, 2018
This sleep disorder is common in children and can lead to daytime sleepiness and attention problems.
Recurring strep throat: When is tonsillectomy useful?
Answer | Updated on October 25, 2022
Tonsillectomy may sometimes be needed in children who have recurring strep throat infections.
Wilms' tumor
Disease | Updated on April 24, 2020
Advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of Wilms' tumor have greatly improved the outlook (prognosis) for children with this type of kidney cancer.
Asthma triggers: Are hard flooring surfaces better than carpet?
Answer | Updated on May 28, 2021
Replacing carpet with hard flooring may be a good idea if you have asthma.
Hygiene hypothesis: Does early germ exposure prevent asthma?
Answer | Updated on April 20, 2021
According to the hygiene hypothesis, early childhood infections can help prevent asthma. But is that the case?
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