Adult

Toothache: First aid
FirstAid | Updated on June 8, 2018
Until you see a dentist, use floss to remove any food particles, take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever, and apply an OTC antiseptic to the gum area.
Emergency essentials: Putting together a survival kit
FirstAid | Updated on September 14, 2019
Keeping emergency essentials handy helps you respond safely if trouble strikes. Learn how to assemble a survival kit for your home.
Need a snack? Go nuts!
HealthTip | Updated on November 14, 2019
Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.
Hypoxemia (low blood oxygen)
Symptom | Updated on December 1, 2018
Hypoxemia: Symptom — Overview covers definition, possible causes, treatment of low blood oxygen.
5 ways to stop an anxiety spiral
Article | Updated on December 12, 2019
Anxiety can make you feel out of control of your thoughts. Try these strategies that can help keep moments of anxiety from becoming spirals.
Telehealth: Technology meets health care
Article | Updated on May 15, 2020
From patient portals to wearable monitoring devices, telehealth gives you the tools to better manage your health. Are you taking advantage of these tools?
Chicken soup: Can it treat a cold?
HealthTip | Updated on June 27, 2020
Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.
Chronic diarrhea: A concern after gallbladder removal?
Answer | Updated on December 10, 2019
Diarrhea is fairly common after gallbladder removal. Find out what to expect.
Is the keto diet for you? A Mayo expert weighs in
Article | Updated on January 3, 2020
The ketogenic diet is all about eating the right foods in the right proportions. When you get it right, it'll trigger your body to start burning stored fat.
Manage your health and time while balancing work demands
Answer | Updated on August 28, 2020
Get tips to manage your health, stay focused, and use your time well while dealing with job pressures and demands.
Dengue fever
Disease | Updated on November 18, 2020
Learn how to identify the symptoms of this serious, mosquito-borne infection and how to protect yourself from infection.
Spinal cord injury
Disease | Updated on September 17, 2019
Learn more about what happens after your spinal cord has been damaged.
Aspergillosis
Disease | Updated on February 5, 2020
This fungal lung infection is caused by inhaling certain mold spores. It may be serious in those with asthma or other chronic lung diseases.
Cellulitis
Disease | Updated on February 6, 2020
Find out more about this potentially serious skin infection and how a few simple skin care tips can help prevent it.
Lymphocytosis (high lymphocyte count)
Symptom | Updated on July 12, 2019
A temporary increase in certain white blood cells, called lymphocytes, is normal after an infection. Too high a count can mean something more serious.
Nausea and vomiting
Symptom | Updated on June 16, 2020
Motion sickness and drinking alcohol are among the many common causes of nausea and vomiting. Serious diseases can also have this effect.
Night leg cramps
Symptom | Updated on December 9, 2020
Night leg cramps: Symptom — Overview covers definition, possible causes of this painful symptom.
Uveitis
Disease | Updated on June 13, 2020
Uveitis is a form of eye inflammation that can cause pain, redness and blurry vision. Prompt treatment is important.
Slide show: Root canal treatment
SlideShow | Updated on January 2, 2015
Root canal — Learn how root canal treatment works and can save your tooth.
Ease the pain of leg cramps
HealthTip | Updated on January 3, 2019
Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.
Mayo Clinic Minute: Arteriovenous malformation or AVM
Video | Updated on June 14, 2018
Learn more about the symptoms of a brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM), and the treatments available for these tangled blood vessels.
Macrocytosis: What causes it?
Answer | Updated on April 27, 2019
Enlarged red blood cells (macrocytosis) can be due to many factors.
Blood thinners: Can I still get blood clots?
Answer | Updated on May 15, 2020
Blood thinners must be taken exactly as directed to prevent blood clots.
Wilson's syndrome: An accepted medical diagnosis?
Answer | Updated on November 17, 2020
The existence of Wilson's syndrome — often described as mild or subclinical hypothyroidism — is controversial.
Hepatitis C: How common is sexual transmission?
Answer | Updated on November 8, 2019
Although hepatitis C is highly contagious, the risk of sexual transmission is very low.
Rabies
Disease | Updated on December 6, 2019
Learn about this deadly virus that most often spreads to people through the bite of an infected animal.
Pseudotumor cerebri
Disease | Updated on September 11, 2019
Headaches and vision loss can result from this increased pressure inside your brain that occurs with no obvious reason.
Leukoplakia
Disease | Updated on March 6, 2018
Leukoplakia appears as thickened, white patches on your gums, cheeks and bottom of your mouth that can't be scraped off.
Anthrax
Disease | Updated on May 15, 2020
Learn about the symptoms and risks of anthrax, a rare but deadly bacterial disease that's been used in bioterrorism.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Disease | Updated on May 22, 2020
GERD, in which stomach acid moves into the esophagus, causes discomfort and may lead to precancerous changes in the lining of the esophagus.
Bursitis
Disease | Updated on July 31, 2020
Bursitis is the painful inflammation of small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion the bones, tendons and muscles near your joints. Ice can ease symptoms.
Cholecystitis
Disease | Updated on August 28, 2020
Cholecystitis is gallbladder inflammation. Learn the causes, symptoms, complications and treatment.
Intracranial venous malformations
Disease | Updated on August 14, 2020
Intracranial venous malformations are abnormally enlarged veins in your brain. Find out more about diagnosis and treatment of this neurological condition.
Warfarin side effects: Watch for interactions
Article | Updated on February 6, 2020
Warfarin side effects are dangerous and put you at risk of heavy bleeding. Learn more about what to watch for and how you can prevent side effects from occurring.
Myoclonus
Disease | Updated on December 18, 2020
These uncontrollable jerking motions, which include normal hiccups and "sleep starts," can be disabling when caused by an underlying health condition.
Presbyopia
Disease | Updated on September 30, 2020
Have you noticed — yet — having to hold books at arm's length to read them? Find out what options are available when it happens.
High cholesterol
Disease | Updated on July 13, 2019
You need some cholesterol in your blood to build healthy cells. But high cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease. Lifestyle changes can help.
Aortic valve stenosis
Disease | Updated on August 7, 2020
Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of this heart condition that occurs when the heart's aortic valve narrows.
Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
Answer | Updated on January 26, 2019
Atrial fibrillation is a common heart disorder that may sometimes be inherited. Find out more.
Allergy-proof your home
Article | Updated on November 24, 2020
Here's a room-by-room guide to reducing allergy-triggering dust, mold, pollen and pet dander in your home.
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea
Disease | Updated on May 15, 2019
Learn more about why you might get diarrhea while taking antibiotics, as well as how to treat or prevent this uncomfortable and sometimes serious problem.
Polio
Disease | Updated on December 1, 2020
Learn more about this contagious viral illness that in its most severe form causes nerve injury leading to paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death.
Trampoline jumping: Safe for kids?
Answer | Updated on March 10, 2020
Trampoline jumping can be fun but poses a high risk of injury for children.
Panic attacks and panic disorder
Disease | Updated on May 4, 2018
Learn about effective treatment for sudden episodes of intense fear that trigger severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause.
Headache
Symptom | Updated on June 3, 2020
Headache: Symptom — Overview covers definition, possible causes of this painful symptom.
Muscle pain
Symptom | Updated on July 30, 2020
Muscle pain: Symptom — Overview covers definition, possible causes of this symptom.
Video: What happens during obstructive sleep apnea?
Video | Updated on May 21, 2019
Sleep apnea — Watch this video to see how snoring and obstructive sleep apnea occur.
Alzheimer's disease: Anticipating end-of-life needs
Article | Updated on April 23, 2020
Alzheimer's challenges multiply near the end of life. Consider tips on how to prepare.
Cancer pain: Relief is possible
Article | Updated on November 3, 2018
Learn about what causes cancer pain, how it's treated, and what barriers might stand in the way of adequate cancer pain relief.
Self-care approaches to treating pain
Article | Updated on October 31, 2017
If you've started needing ibuprofen, acetaminophen or other over-the-counter pain medications daily, consider adding these self-care approaches — and work with your doctor to form a safe, sustainable plan.
Opioids and other drugs: What to watch for
Answer | Updated on January 18, 2020
Certain medications interact with opioids, making them more dangerous and increasing the risk of accidental overdose. Learn the signs of an emergency.
Stroke rehabilitation: What to expect as you recover
Article | Updated on April 17, 2019
Stroke rehabilitation is important for recovery after stroke. Learn about the physical, cognitive and other therapies used in stroke rehabilitation.
Urinary incontinence surgery in women: The next step
Article | Updated on January 29, 2020
Learn what's involved in surgery to treat stress incontinence and overactive bladder, including risks and things to consider before deciding on surgery.
Episiotomy: When it's needed, when it's not
Article | Updated on August 25, 2020
Planning a vaginal delivery? Understand why an episiotomy might be necessary.
Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)
Disease | Updated on December 8, 2018
Also called dysthymia, this chronic form of depression may cause you to lose interest in life, feel hopeless, lack productivity and have low self-esteem.
Obstructive sleep apnea
Disease | Updated on June 5, 2019
Learn the signs that point to this common and potentially serious sleep disorder and find out the treatments that can help you sleep better.
Smoking: Does it cause wrinkles?
Answer | Updated on November 19, 2020
Smoking leads to premature skin aging — and more wrinkles.
Health issues for lesbians and women who have sex with women
Article | Updated on October 10, 2017
Understand primary health concerns for lesbians and women who have sex with women — and how to promote good health.
Asthma
Disease | Updated on August 11, 2020
Find out what can trigger asthma and how to relieve your symptoms and breathe easier.
Cancer risk: What the numbers mean
Article | Updated on January 15, 2020
The news is full of reports about cancer risk, but what does it all mean for you? Find out how to interpret cancer statistics.
Cancer survivors: Reconnecting with loved ones after treatment
Article | Updated on October 23, 2020
Having trouble navigating relationships now that your cancer treatment is over? Here's how to tackle common issues with friends and family.
Monoclonal antibody drugs for cancer: How they work
Article | Updated on September 20, 2019
Monoclonal antibody drugs — How monoclonal antibodies are being used in cancer treatment.
Stroke: First aid
FirstAid | Updated on October 23, 2020
A stroke requires immediate medical attention. Find out how to remember the warning signs.
Heatstroke: First aid
FirstAid | Updated on April 1, 2020
How to recognize and provide first-aid treatment for heatstroke.
Neuroendocrine tumors
Disease | Updated on September 16, 2020
Learn about the types of tumors that make up this group of rare cancers. Find out about symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatments.
High-frequency hearing loss: Can hearing aids help?
Answer | Updated on November 26, 2020
Today's hearing aids are effective for all types of hearing loss — including high-frequency hearing loss.
Alzheimer's: Can a head injury increase my risk?
Answer | Updated on April 20, 2019
Some research indicates a link between head injuries and Alzheimer's disease. So what's your risk?
Botox injections: Can they relieve arthritis pain?
Answer | Updated on August 7, 2019
Botox injections into arthritic joints may help reduce pain and improve function. The medicine works by interfering with the transmission of pain signals.
Grieving process: Is crying required?
Answer | Updated on May 15, 2020
Crying is often an important part of the grieving process — but not always.
Alzheimer's nose spray: New Alzheimer's treatment?
Answer | Updated on June 6, 2019
Alzheimer's nose spray shows promise, but more research is needed.
Menus for heart-healthy eating: Cut the fat and salt
Article | Updated on January 9, 2019
Use these menus to jump-start your heart-healthy diet.
Cholesterol medications: Consider the options
Article | Updated on November 20, 2018
Cholesterol medications might help lower your cholesterol levels. Here are some options.
Chest pain: First aid
FirstAid | Updated on January 26, 2018
What first-aid steps to take if you or someone else has chest pain.
Lice
Disease | Updated on May 23, 2020
Learn how to get rid of these tiny, wingless, parasitic insects and keep them from coming back.
Lichen sclerosus
Disease | Updated on October 10, 2020
Learn more about the causes, symptoms, complications, treatment and self-care tips for this blotchy skin condition that affects the genital and anal areas.
Neurodermatitis
Disease | Updated on September 18, 2020
Learn more about this itchy skin condition that can disrupt your sleep and daily activities. Successful treatment depends on resisting the urge to scratch.
Livedo reticularis: When is it a concern?
Answer | Updated on June 5, 2020
Livedo reticularis is a vascular condition characterized by purplish mottling of the skin.
White patch on skin: A cause for concern?
Answer | Updated on August 28, 2019
A small white patch on skin may have several causes, including eczema, psoriasis and vitiligo.
Psoriasis treatment: Can fish oil supplements reduce symptoms?
Answer | Updated on December 3, 2019
Psoriasis treatment — Fish oil supplements may be helpful, but use caution.
Hydrated skin: Does drinking water help?
Answer | Updated on November 21, 2020
Understand the role water plays in keeping skin healthy.
The best foods for healthy skin
Answer | Updated on December 17, 2019
A healthy diet might promote healthy skin. Consider these skin-friendly foods.
Shaving hair: Does shaved hair grow back thicker?
Answer | Updated on August 7, 2019
Contrary to popular belief, shaving unwanted hair doesn't make it grow back thicker.
Scalp psoriasis vs. seborrheic dermatitis: What's the difference?
Answer | Updated on October 2, 2020
Scalp psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp can be difficult to differentiate.
Video: 3 things you didn't know about cold sores
Video | Updated on June 17, 2020
Cold sores on the lips can be embarrassing and tough to hide. Most people who are infected with the virus that causes cold sores never develop symptoms.
Mayo Clinic Minute: Shining the light on SPF in sunscreen
Video | Updated on May 24, 2019
Find out what SPF means and what SPF to look for in your sunscreen.
Don't save leftover pain pills
HealthTip | Updated on October 31, 2019
Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.
Weight training: Do's and don'ts of proper technique
Article | Updated on November 26, 2020
Weight training may look easy — but for best results, proper technique is essential.
Buying athletic shoes? Check your arch
HealthTip | Updated on January 1, 2020
Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.
The best foods to fuel a workout
Article | Updated on January 1, 2017
Know what to eat to fuel your fitness activities, including the best pre- and post-workout snacks.
Weightlifting belt: Do I need one?
Answer | Updated on September 1, 2020
For most strength training enthusiasts, there's no need to invest in a weightlifting belt.
Video: Triceps kickback with resistance tubing
Video | Updated on January 11, 2019
The triceps kickback targets the back of the upper arm. See how it's done.
Video: Calf raise with dumbbell
Video | Updated on January 12, 2021
The calf raise targets the calf muscles in the legs. See how it's done.
Video: Plank with fitness ball
Video | Updated on March 26, 2019
You can do many core exercises with a fitness ball. See the plank.
Love to golf? Protect your elbows
HealthTip | Updated on October 10, 2020
Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.
Ganglion cyst
Disease | Updated on December 30, 2020
Ganglion cysts — Comprehensive overview covers causes, treatment of lumps on wrist, hand or foot.
Bunions
Disease | Updated on October 22, 2019
A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. Learn more about the causes and treatments of this sometimes painful disorder.
Patellar tendinitis
Disease | Updated on October 16, 2019
Jumper's knee — a common knee injury — affects the tendon that stretches from the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone.
Sprains
Disease | Updated on September 25, 2020
A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — the tough bands of tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. Ice and elevation can help.
Rheumatoid arthritis: Can diet affect symptoms?
Answer | Updated on December 10, 2019
Do different diets affect rheumatoid arthritis symptoms?
Mangosteen juice: Can it relieve arthritis pain?
Answer | Updated on October 7, 2020
Some marketers claim mangosteen juice has anti-inflammatory benefits. Find out what the research says.